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U.S. Supreme Court To Consider Same-Sex Marriage

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Sharon Baldwin and Mary Bishop are married on the Tulsa County Courthouse steps after the marriage ban was struck down in Oklahoma last year. Sharon Baldwin and Mary Bishop are married on the Tulsa County Courthouse steps after the marriage ban was struck down in Oklahoma last year.
WASHINGTON - The Supreme Court on Friday agreed to finally consider the fundamental question of whether same-sex couples have a constitutional right to marry.

The court announced that it will review a federal appeals court ruling that upheld the same-sex marriage bans in four states. The nine justices should hear the arguments in April and will likely to issue a ruling on the matter around June.

When the Supreme Court in 2013 issued two major rulings regarding same-sex marriage, it sidestepped the fundamental question about the right to marry -- but it also opened the door for dozens of state and federal courts to issue rulings in favor of same-sex marriage.

10/6/2014 Related Story: Supreme Court Turns Away Same-Sex Marriage Cases

Mass wedding in Orlando on first day of legalized same-sex unions Appeals court upholds same-sex marriage bans in 4 statesThe Supreme Court is now compelled to address the basic question of the right to marry because there is a split in the lower courts.

In September, a federal district court judge ruled in favor of a same-sex marriage ban for the first time since the Supreme Court's 2013 rulings, upholding Louisiana's marriage ban in Robicheaux v. George.

Then in November, the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals upheld same-sex marriage bans in four states (Michigan, Ohio, Kentucky and Tennessee), making it the first federal court of appeals to defend marriage bans.

The Supreme Court turned down a request to review the Robicheaux decision, but it will review the Sixth Circuit ruling. Specifically, the court has allotted two-and-a-half hours to consider two questions: whether states are constitutionally required to issue marriage licenses to same-sex couples, and whether states must recognize same-sex marriages performed outside of their borders.

After the several recent court rulings striking down marriage bans, same-sex marriage is now illegal in just 14 states. Florida's ban on same-sex marriage ended earlier this month.The court has a history of trailing public sentiment amid cultural shifts. It wasn't until 1972 in Eisenstadt v. Baird that the Supreme Court ruled unmarried women had the right to access birth control -- 12 years after the FDA approved the birth control pill. And by the time the court issued its landmark Loving v. Virginia ruling in 1967, only 16 states still prohibited interracial marriage.

10/6/2014 Related Story: Same-Sex Couple Weds On Tulsa Courthouse Steps

Attorney General Eric Holder said in a statement Friday that the Justice Department will file a "friend of the court" brief, urging the Supreme Court to endorse marriage equality.

"It is time for our nation to take another critical step forward to ensure the fundamental equality of all Americans--no matter who they are, where they come from, or whom they love," Holder said.

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