NEW YORK (AP) _ Manhattan residents drank more alcohol and smoked more cigarettes and marijuana after the Sept. 11 attacks, according to a study.
Researchers at the New York Academy of Medicine surveyed nearly 1,000 Manhattan residents in the two months after the World Trade Center disaster. A quarter of respondents said they drank more than usual in the five to eight weeks after the attack.
Nearly 10 percent said they had been smoking more cigarettes and more than 3 percent said they had been smoking more marijuana, according to a report to appear in the June edition of the American Journal of Epidemiology.
Post-traumatic stress disorder and depression were more common among those who said their smoking and drinking increased after the attack. Thirty-six percent of those who smoked more marijuana also reported stress disorder symptoms such as sleeplessness and nightmares.
More than one-fifth of those smoking more tobacco reported symptoms of depression.
A four-month follow-up survey found that New Yorkers in all five boroughs continue to smoke more tobacco, said David Vlahov, director of the academy's Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies.
``There's a fair proportion of people that increased at least a pack a day,'' Vlahov said.