Oklahoma's Education Lottery: Underperforming Or Undercut?
ALEX CAMERON, News On 6
CRAIG DAY, News On 6
OKLAHOMA CITY, Oklahoma - To most people, $625 million is a lot of money, but to critics of Oklahoma's education lottery, $625 million is nothing, nothing more than proof the lottery has not delivered what voters were promised.
Next month will mark ten years since voters approved the lottery and nine years since then Governor Brad Henry bought the first lottery tickets and officially started the flow of dollars into the state's education trust fund.
Since the first games debuted in October 2005, almost $1.8 billion has been spent on lottery tickets in Oklahoma. By law, 35 cents of each of those dollars has gone to education.
"I think we've done very well," said Rollo Redburn, Executive Director of the Oklahoma Lottery.
Redburn has been with the lottery office from the start and said they are proud of the contribution the lottery has made to education.
"More than $625 million that otherwise wouldn't have been there," Redburn remarked, "has been raised for education programs in Oklahoma."
Not everyone shares Redburn's rosy view of the lottery's impact on our schools.
"It is not a game-changer, it is not even really a drop in the bucket," stated Senator David Holt, R-Bethany.
Holt said he is not necessarily opposed to the lottery, but it does concern him that the social cost of state-endorsed gambling is not being outweighed by the lottery's benefit to our schools.
Holt said he can't quantify the social cost, but said quantifying the dividend to our schools is easy, just do the math.
The legislation that created the lottery stipulated that 45 percent of the funds generated for education go to common education.
$625M x .45 = $281M
Holt points out that must then be divided by the 520 school districts in the state.
$281M / 520 = $541K
Finally, that gets divided by the nine years that the lottery has been bringing in revenues.
$541K / 9 = $60K
Thus, on average, school districts have received $60,000 annually from the lottery.
"That's a teacher, maybe, probably not including benefits," said Holt. "You'd rather have it than not have it, but that's not anything like what was promised leading up to the vote in 2004."
In 2001, Henry, then a State Senator representing Shawnee, suggested a lottery in Oklahoma could gross $500 million a year.
In 2003, following his election as governor, Henry was campaigning for the lottery and claimed it might generate $300 million a year for education; and in 2005, after voters had approved the lottery and legislators had finalized the parameters for lottery games, the Henry administration was still saying it would bring in between $100 and $150 million annually.
It's those estimates that cause many to question how it could be that the most Oklahoma's lottery has ever generated for education in one year is $71 million - and why, last fiscal year, it hit a new low of $66 million.
"I'm glad you asked that," said Redburn.
Redburn said neither he nor his predecessor, Michael Scroggins, ever made any estimates to revenues the lottery might produce.
"There's no one at this lottery that was involved in any of those calculations," stated Redburn.
The answer to any question about unfulfilled revenue estimates, Redburn said, would have to come from those who made them.
So, we went to former Governor Henry and asked him if he felt that he had misled voters as to how much money the lottery would raise for education.
"I don't feel that I misled voters," Henry replied. "Based on the information that I knew at the time, I think our estimates were pretty good."
Henry said his administration's projections were sound and were based on real data from other lottery states. What's more, he said, the estimates might have been more accurate, if not for partisan lawmakers.
"They have consistently, over the years," said Henry, "done things to restrict the lottery."
The most significant restriction, according to Henry and lottery officials, is the requirement that 35 percent of gross revenues go to education.
They argue that lifting that restriction, as many states have done, would allow the lottery to put more money into prizes, which, in turn, would result in increased sales.
"Look at any state that's done it," Henry said, "you're actually going to create substantially more revenue for education."
Lottery officials have been lobbying lawmakers for years to ease the 35 percent requirement, and have introduced legislation annually at the Capitol to that effect.
The bills have never made it out of committee, and, in fact, only once have ever even been given a hearing.
“It's a political issue,” said State Senator John Ford, R-Bartlesville.
Ford believes the state should not be in the business of running a lottery and introduced his own legislation a few years ago to privatize the lottery.
His bill was defeated, and he said lottery officials shouldn't expect anything but the same for their legislation to lift the 35 percent rule.
“Those that are opposed to lottery are opposed to it,” said Ford, “and I don't think that [bill's] going to pass.”
Henry understands the politics, but said citizens need to understand that the consequence is that the lottery will continue to generate less money than it could, and thus will continue to send less money than it could to state classrooms.
Still, he said, the money it is generating is better than nothing.
“The fact of the matter is this is new revenue for education,” said the former governor, “significant new revenue for education, without raising taxes, and I think people appreciate that.”