President Barack Obama has declared an emergency in the state of Florida and has ordered federal aid to supplement state, tribal, and local response efforts to Hurricane Matthew.
Obama's action authorizes the Department of Homeland Security and the Federal Emergency Management Agency to coordinate efforts to alleviate the suffering caused by the hurricane. The directive applies to more than two dozen counties in Florida.
Emergency declarations are designed to help provide emergency services to protect lives and property, and to lessen the threat of a catastrophe. Hurricane Matthew has been upgraded to a Category 4 storm, the most powerful hurricane to threaten the Atlantic Coast in more than a decade.
More than 1.5 million people have been urged to evacuate as Florida prepares for a possible direct hit.
Outer rain bands have already arrived in Florida and a hurricane warning is in place for the state’s Atlantic Coast and into Georgia. Up and down Florida’s east coast, storm preparations are in full swing, reports CBS News correspondent Manuel Bojorquez.
“This one, I just think we’re due. And that’s the reason I’m just trying to make sure everything’s good,” said one resident.
Store shelves are emptying. Gas stations are running out of fuel.
“I’ve already been to three gas stations that have shut down because they’re out of gas,” said another resident.
And businesses are boarding up to protect them from the high winds and heavy rain Matthew is expected to bring.
“Now that there’s a little bit of a higher chance for us to get hit then you know, it is time to be 100 percent prepared,” said another resident.
On Wednesday, the governor said the evacuation could be the largest Florida has ever seen.
“If you know you’re going to evacuate, don’t wait to evacuate. Get out now. It could be the decision between life and death,” said Florida Governor Rick Scott
The last time Florida took a direct hit by a Category 3 hurricane or higher was by Wilma in 2005. The storm caused nearly $17 billion in damages in South Florida alone.
With Matthew approaching, air travel into South Florida has ground to a halt. The storm has already forced nearly 1,600 flights to be canceled through Friday, but at least one airline hopes to resume full operation in South Florida Friday afternoon.
The hurricane watch extends well into South Carolina, which is expected to start feeling Matthew’s effects by Friday night. About a half million people along the state’s coast have been ordered to evacuate, and homes and businesses aren’t taking any chances, reports CBS news correspondent Errol Barnett.
Sandbags are in record demand, with more than 10,000 being filled and distributed daily. People boarded up windows and closed shops before evacuating from the coast Wednesday.
Governor Nikki Haley is taking every precaution in ordering a massive evacuation. Traffic built up along Interstate 26, the main route out of Charleston.
To reduce delays, state troopers reversed all of the interstate’s east-bound lanes, creating a one-way, six-lane freeway that stretches more than 100 miles from Charleston to Columbia. That’s in addition to South Carolina’s established network of hurricane evacuation routes.
A fleet of over 300 school buses were brought in to shuttle people to more than 30 shelters set up across the state. At least 1,100 National Guardsmen are now on duty helping folks prepare.
The Associated Press contributed to this report.