Climbers clamoring for indoor rock walls, while outdoor rock-climbing has hit a plateau
Wednesday, February 9th 2005, 1:27 pm
News On 6
SCHENECTADY, N.Y. (AP) _ Kept from ski lessons by subzero cold, the homebound children were climbing the walls.
But that's allowed at a rock-climbing gym.
Watching her 12-year-old scale a 38-foot wall for the third or fourth time, Adelle Ward said he'd probably sleep well that night.
``It was cool,'' Robert said, after coming down slightly sweaty and flushed.
Most days, the Electric City Rock Gym hosts an after-school group, fun seekers and a core of climbing enthusiasts keeping in shape for the outdoors.
The sheltered verticals have grown in popularity, from a single gym in 1987, to 300 a decade later, to more than 600 now.
``Basically it was just a climber hangout,'' said Seattle mountaineer Rich Johnston, who opened that first gym in the '80s. ``It was pretty rough. There were no handholds on the market, so we just glued rocks on the walls.''
Now there are several wall-building companies feeding a demand from universities, recreation centers, parks and other operators, Johnston said.
An Outdoor Industry Association's survey showed 6.4 million Americans climbed on an artificial surface at least once in 2003, up from 6 million when they started tracking it three years earlier, spokesman Mike Lee said. Of those surveyed, 4.6 million said they climbed outdoors.
The rapid growth isn't all good, Johnston said.
``The industry's at a big crossroads right now because it's an indoor activity and a lot of people are treating it almost as an amusement setting, which is very, very dangerous to the sport,'' he said. ``It's an inherently risky sport.''
Ward was startled two years ago at first seeing her 5-year-old daughter at the top of the wall in Schenectady. She said some mothers worry about kids' attention spans when holding safety ropes for each other.
But she believes ``it's safer than a lot of things they do.''
Gyms use belaying ropes, which attach to the harness of a climber, run through a steel loop at the top of the wall and attach at the other end to the person standing at the bottom who also holds the rope.
Andy Gilpin, who opened the Electric City gym in 2001, lets children belay starting at 13, depending on maturity. The equipment has an automatic lock on the belayer's harness so climbers will stay suspended even if the person on the ground isn't paying attention.
He's seen a climber fall 15 feet to the padded floor, landing on his back. But the climber wasn't injured.
Johnston says the number of injury claims nationally is ``pretty minimal.''
Growth in outdoor climbing has been flat the past several years while the indoor version has taken off as a youth recreation, fitness pursuit and even competitive sport. The activity, which emphasizes conserving strength to reach a summit, has been shown to produce physiological responses similar to cycling and treadmill running.
In one 1992 study, 20 beginners got stronger from two weekly sessions of 15 to 20 minutes on a 12-foot vertical climbing treadmill over seven weeks, said Wayne Westcott, fitness director for the South Shore YMCA in Quincy, Mass., where the study was done. On average, they lost 2.1 pounds of fat while increasing hip-trunk flexibility, leg strength and upper body strength. Their average heart rate nearly doubled to 156 after 10 minutes. Climbing skills and speed also improved.
``They were pretty much doing steady climbing for 15 minutes,'' Westcott said. ``We assume that would be likely to happen if someone were to climb in a climbing gym or a mountain for similar frequencies or durations.''
A study in the January 2000 Journal of Exercise Physiology noted higher heart rates in beginners than more experienced recreational climbers, citing anxiety and the novices' greater reliance on their arms as likely factors.
Gym operators say only a fraction of their climbers take their skills outdoors.
``I've got tons of kids who come through here and use it as an activity,'' Gilpin said. Maybe 15 percent to 20 percent of his clients are committed climbers using the gym to train for the summer season on rock faces.
``The motions are similar,'' he said. ``The body motions, the physicality ... are the same.''