Wall Street Plunges On Fears That Interest Rate Cuts Will End


Thursday, November 1st 2007, 10:04 am
By: News On 6


NEW YORK (AP) _ Wall Street plunged Thursday as investors found themselves confronted by two uncomfortable prospects: an end to interest rate cuts and a slowing economy. The Dow Jones industrials skidded more than 180 points.

Mindful of a warning from the Federal Reserve Wednesday about inflation, the market nervously watched the price of oil, which passed $96 a barrel overnight for the first time before dipping on profit-taking. The Fed, which cut interest rates a quarter point, said in a statement that inflation remained a concern, and oil's ascent to another record raised the possibility not only that the Fed might stop cutting rates, but that it might even consider raising them if inflation accelerates.

Meanwhile, Wall Street had to contend with concerns about a slowing economy. A report from the Commerce Department indicated consumers scaled back their spending in September as worries mounted about a worsening housing market and further credit market turmoil. And a trade group reported that manufacturing in the U.S. grew in October at the weakest pace since March.

The confluence of factors led investors to pull back sharply from Wednesday's rally, in which the Dow climbed 137 points after the Fed said the economy had weathered the summer's credit crisis.

``Wall Street is in love with the idea of a rate cut, and realized that the Fed said inflation is still a concern _ that lowered the chances of a cut in December,'' said Ryan Detrick, a senior technical strategist with Schaeffer's Investment Research. ``We're now feeling the pain now that investors have slept on it, and figured out what they said.''

Christopher Cordaro, chief investment officer at RegentAtlantic Capital, said Wall Street remains anxious about the possibility of receission. He also believes the market is devoid of enough positive news ``to have any type of sustained rally.''

Investors were unswayed when the Fed pumped $41 billion into the U.S. financial system, one of its largest cash infusions since the credit crisis began in the summer. This increases the amount of money banks have to lend, and helps improve liquidity. In the past, such an action helped soothe the market, but that was not the case Thursday.

With the market growing pessimistic about the economy, the Labor Department's report on October jobs creation, scheduled to be released Friday morning, will be taking on even more importance than it usually has on Wall Street.

The Dow fell 180.87, or 1.30 %, to 13,749.14 after being down more than 200 points earlier.

The Standard & Poor's 500 index was off 18.83, or 1.22 %, at 1,520.55, while the Nasdaq composite index dropped 30.57, or 1.07 %, to 2,828.55.

Investors pulling money out of stocks turned to the safe haven of the Treasury market. The yield on the 10-year Treasury note fell to 4.38 % from 4.47 % late Wednesday.

Crude prices pulled back after surpassing $96 per barrel in overnight trading. A barrel of light sweet crude fell $1.04 to $93.48 on the New York Mercantile Exchange.

The Commerce Department's report that consumer spending rose by 0.3 % in September, slightly lower than the 0.4 % increase that analysts expected, raised concerns about a slowing economy.

In addition, the performance of the manufacturing sector in October suggested that ongoing troubles in the housing and credit markets have seeped into the industrial sector. The Institute for Supply Management, a Tempe, Ariz.-based trade group, reported its manufacturing index registered 50.9, down from 52.0 in September and below expectations for 51.8. A reading above 50 indicates growth; below that spells contraction.

Also Thursday, the Labor Department said the number of people filing for unemployment benefits declined by a larger-than-expected 6,000 last week to total 327,000.

Wall Street was also troubled by the day's corporate news. Exxon Mobil Corp.'s third-quarter profits fell 10 % because of lower refining and chemical margins. Shares of the Dow component dropped $2.01, or 2.2 % to $89.98.

Citigroup Inc. and Bank of America Corp., the two biggest U.S. banks, were downgraded by CIBC World Markets on worries about the credit markets. Bank of America, the nation's second-largest bank, dropped $1.78, or 3.7 %, to $46.50. Citi, the nation's largest financial institution, dropped $2.68, or 6.4 % to $38.68 _ its lowest level in four years.

Declining issues outnumbered advancers by about 4 to 1 on the New York Stock Exchange, where volume came to 602.5 million shares.

The Russell 2000 index of smaller companies was down 20.68, or 2.50 %, at 807.34.

The plunge in U.S. stocks caused European bourses to tumble. In afternoon trading, Britain's FTSE 100 was down 2.17 %, Germany's DAX index fell 1.77 %, and France's CAC-40 dropped 2.09 %. Japan's Nikkei stock average, which closed before U.S. markets opened, rose 0.79 %.